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Примерна матура по английски език


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Приложение № 2

ПРИМЕРЕН ИЗПИТЕН ВАРИАНТ

ЗА ДЪРЖАВЕН ЗРЕЛОСТЕН ИЗПИТ ПО АНГЛИЙСКИ ЕЗИК

TRANSCRIPT

LISTENING COMPREHENSION

Directions: You will read a text about beer production twice. Before you read it, let the

students read the questions for no more than 2 minutes. While they listen to the text for the

first time, they may look at the questions and the suggested choices, but are not allowed to

take notes. When they hear the whole text they have 6 minutes to answer the questions on

their answer sheets choosing among A, B or C. Then read the text again and give them up to 1

minute to check their answers.

Beer Brewing Paralleled the Rise of Civilization

The basic process of producing, or brewing beer - malting, mashing, boiling, and fermenting -

has remained relatively unchanged for thousands of years.

The first recorded knowledge of brewing beer dates back to 6 000years ago and the

Sumarians. The relatively simple process of turning grain into an eatable substance—or

"liquid bread"—is at least as old as civilization. There is a perfectly respectable academic

theory that civilization began with beer. Some people even claim that beer may have been the

main food of man even before bread was invented.

During the Neolithic Revolution, bands of hunters and gatherers began forming organized

communities to cultivate the land—the beginning of civilization. We know that in farming the

land, they grew things, and the first thing grown was cereal grains in the Middle East.

The theories about the early emergence of beer are based on he fact that grains can be grown

in poorer soils and require less water to grow than other crops, such as grapes. Unlike grapes,

however, grains have no juice to extract. Therefore, perhaps in an attempt to find a way to

make grain edible, they had to be soaked in water, which led to a natural fermentation process

that produced what Julius Caesar described as "a high and mighty liquor."

Directions: You will read a text about bullfighting twice. Before you read it, let the students

read the questions for no more than 2 minutes. While they listen to the text for the first time,

they may look at the questions and the suggested choices, but are not allowed to take notes.

When they hear the whole text they have 4 minutes to answer the questions on their answer

sheets choosing among A, B or C. Then read the text again and give them up to 1 minute to

check their answers.

Bullfighting

It is hard to defend most hunters’ claim that humans have the right to kill another species for

entertainment. All across Europe people are protesting bullfighting as inhumane. To such

people, there is no difference between the killing of a bull in a ring and a stray dog in an

alleyway.

Of course, a Spanish fighting bull is by far not defenseless; these bulls are warriors,

descendants of the massive prehistoric bison of Europe. They were once worshipped as deities

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in Asia Minor and bred by medieval feudal lords just to be killed in public by a man in a ring

on a hot afternoon.

The Spanish have never thought this was entertainment, or a sport. For the last seven

centuries, bullfighting has, instead, been mystically regarded as something between art and

religion. Articles about bullfights aren’t even in the sports sections of Spanish newspapers;

they appear in the cultural and arts pages, next to opera and ballet.

Directions: You will read a text about Sudoku twice. Before you read it, let the students read

Примерна матура по английски език facebook image
Публикувано от: Desislava Lyubomirova

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